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Sudjelovanje hrvatskih znanstvenika na kongresu.


Saturday, September 18, 2010, 13:00 - 14:30


Relationship between STOP questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale,
and demographic characteristics in the adult Dalmatian population

Z. Đogaš, V. Đogaš (Split, HR)


Objectives: To explore the relationships between the scores on STOP questionnaire and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), as well as the demographic characteristics of the general adult Dalmatian population.


Methods: We investigated 1195 subjects older then 18 years of age in the Split-Dalmatian County of Southern Croatia using an anonymous survey composed of the STOP and ESS questionnaires, as well as questions regarding gender, age, height, weight, and neck circumference. The subjects were investigated during the Scientific Methodology course at the University of Split, School of Medicine. Each of the students was responsible to collect ten questionnaires from their families, neighbors, etc. The students approach during the data collection was strictly determined and supervised. The data were analyzed using the chi-squared test or the Student's t-test. P-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: There were 480 male and 594 female subjects (121 missing data) in the study. Subjects were divided into two groups with regard to STOP score. Group P with the score of >=2 (N=175 or 14.6%), and group N with the score <2 (N=1020 or 85.4%). Male subjects had greater proportion in P group 89/480 compared with 70/594, chi-square=9.61, P=0.002. Also, group P exhibited greater ESS value compared with group N (6.07±3.4 vs. 7.18±3.5, respectively). There was no difference between male and female subjects with regard to ESS score (6.31±3.3 vs. 6.18±3.6, respectively). Subjects in group P were older on average (45; 14-89 vs. 23; 11-83, median; range; respectively, P<0.001), had greater BMI (25.42±3.9 vs. 22.99±3.1, respectively, P<0.001), and slightly greater neck circumference (37.66±5.2 vs. 36.22±5.0, respectively, P=0.017). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest the positive association between the scores on STOP and ESS questionnaires. Also, in this population, the risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) according to STOP questionnaire was associated with male sex, older age, greater BMI, and neck circumference. The results of this study may indirectly confirm the value of STOP questionnaire in the screening for the patients with enhanced risk for OSA in the general adult population.